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Identifying human rights barriers and how they affect universal health care

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Identifying human rights barriers

Identifying laws, human rights, gender equality and key populations at risk within each country

A critical first step to developing national plans, investment cases, Global Fund funding requests or other related national policies and strategies for effective national responses to health requires a country-led, evidence-based consultative dialogue and process to identify and understand:

  • Who are the vulnerable and key populations whose health is most at risk?
  • What human rights and gender-related barriers act to block access to health care services, and
  • How best to respond to address these critical enablers, by creating an enabling legal and policy framework that protects human rights, promotes gender equality and reduces stigma, discrimination and violence against vulnerable and key populations

This information and evidence on human rights, gender equality and key populations must be described in a national strategic health plan, investment case, Global Fund and other funding requests and/or other relevant strategies. Following from that, it must then be applied to the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes. Programmes to reduce stigma, discrimination, inequality and human rights violations result in strengthened access to health services, including HIV, TB and malaria services.

Guidance: Global Fund: Available resources and technical assistance:

The Global Fund requires each grant to have detailed budget in a prescribed format. UNDP has a core team with strong familiarity with the templates, as well as being fully conversant with the Global Fund Budgeting Guidelines. UNDP is able to mobilise a team of strong finance professionals to support budget development.

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The Global Fund recognises the importance of identifying key and vulnerable populations and the human rights and gender equality barriers they face, when developing a funding request.

Country stakeholders may wish to undertake capacity strengthening activities and technical assistance, to strengthen partners’ understanding of critical enablers. This helps to promote meaningful country dialogue that includes the participation of key populations, to support effective planning. There is also support to ensure the engagement of key populations in country dialogues, in order to ensure that the design and development of interventions addresses human rights and gender-related barriers affecting key populations. The Global Fund’s website and the Applicant Handbook describe various forms of assistance available during the funding request process.

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