Legal and Policy Toolkit
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- Enabling legal environments
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What is the Legal and Policy Support Toolkit?
This Legal and Policy Support Toolkit guides country stakeholders and implementing partners on how to protect human rights & gender equality and promote enabling legal and policy environments for health.
Who is it for?
What does it do?
It aligns with UNDP’s Strategic Plan 2018-2021 and UNDP’s HIV, Health and Development Strategy 2016-2021, as well as the strategies of key partners, such as the Global Fund Strategy 2017-2022 and the UNAIDS 2016-2021 Strategy
There is growing evidence of the unique and inter-related ways in which the legal and policy environment, human rights and gender equality impacts on health, including and particularly for vulnerable and key populations.
The resource aims to strengthen the capacity of partners to reduce inequalities and social exclusion that drive health, by integrating work on human rights and gender equality, challenging harmful gender norms and eliminating gender-based violence, when developing and implementing initiatives such as:
- National health, HIV, TB, malaria, human rights and development strategies, plans, policies and programmes
- Global Fund and other donor funding requests
- Advocacy campaigns, action plans and strategic litigation for health and related law and policy review and reform, strengthened access to justice and improved law enforcement.
The World Health Organization promotes a rights-based approach to global health aimed to “integrating human rights principles in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of health-related programmes”. A rights-based approach understands the impact of human rights on health and the ways in which stigma, discrimination, inequity and violence create barriers to health. It seeks to promote the human rights to achieve health and development goals.
A rights-based approach includes principles of:
- Equality, dignity and non-discrimination
- Transparency and accountability, and
- Empowerment of vulnerable populations, and
- Making health systems accessible to all.
A gender-transformative approach recognises the impact of gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence on health.
A gender-transformative approach seeks to find ways to address gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence that impact on health. This empowers and increases the capacity of women and girls, as well as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex populations to participate in the design, development, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of programmes, protect their health and access health services.
What is included?
It gives guidance and information on:
- Who are vulnerable and key populations in the context of specific health issues
- What their human rights and gender equality barriers are to health, and
- How to create an enabling legal framework to reduce stigma and discrimination, inequity, violence and other human rights and gender-related barriers, to promote strengthened health responses – including HIV, TB and malaria responses - that reach everyone, including vulnerable and key populations.
It also contains step-by-step guidance, examples, case studies, guidelines, resources and tools on how to identify human rights barriers, including those faced by key populations, and how to develop effective plans and programmes to protect and promote human rights and gender equality and strengthen legal and policy frameworks for health.