Content in review

Audit of Financial Management Systems

Let me know when the updated version of the UNDP Health Systems website is online:


Financial Management Systems for Health


Increases the reliability of financial systems and reports

The role of internal audit is to provide independent assurance that an organisation’s risk management, governance and internal control processes are operating effectively. They offer recommendations to help improve the systems and processes where necessary.

An external audit adds credibility and reliability to financial reports by giving stakeholders an independent opinion of the financial statements for a given period.

UNDP’s Offer

UNDP has assisted health programmes to improve audit and assurance in Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia and the Caribbean.

  • Through developing internal audit tools, terms of reference and strengthening audit committees, UNDP has improved the transparency of audit and assurance systems
  • UNDP has developed and implemented terms of reference for both external and internal audit work within health systems


UNDP is able to bring global experience tailored to the country context

  • An internal audit person or department, should report direct to a Senior Government official or Chief Executive Officer of a CSO, in order to be sufficiently independent of the health system
  • An internal audit department considers systems and processes within and outside the finance department. In addition to compliance with established policies and procedures they consider wider issues such as
    • Organisation reputation
    • Opportunities for growth
    • Risk management
  • The external audit is usually an annual audit conducted by either the Supreme Audit Authority in the Country (for Government Ministries, Institutions and departments) or Independent Audit Firms.
  • The external audit report often contains a Management Letter, which identifies specific control weaknesses with recommendations for improvement
  • UNDP can work with Management to establish a plan to address the weaknesses and support successful implementation of timely actions

Suggested indicators

UNDP has utilised clear indicators to monitor improvements in audit and assurance systems

  • An internal audit person / department is in place
  • The internal audit department reports to a senior authority outside the finance function
  • The internal audit department regularly issues internal audit reports
  • The internal audit department reviews management responses and actions taken
  • Terms of reference for the external auditors are available
  • An external audit report is available for the last financial year
  • An approved plan is in place for management actions to address audit recommendations
  • Senior management monitor implementation of the external audit recommendations