Participatory Capacity Development Assessment and Planning
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Capacity assessment should be participatory to agree capacity strengths and weaknesses to implement effective health programmes.
Capacity assessment should consider the needs of the health programme as a whole, and where possible should look at all sectors implementing complementary activities, including ministries of health, NGOs and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs). CSOs often play an important role in health programme implementation; for example in the implementation of HIV prevention services to Key Populations.
In 2017 UNDP facilitated capacity development and sustainable transition plans for national health entities including; i) Ministries of Health; ii) National Aids Councils; iii) Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); iv) Health Procurement Bodies; and v) Health Governance Mechanisms. In early 2018 comprehensive capacity development plans were in place in 9 countries, one example is Afghanistan, where plans are in place for both the Ministry of Public Health and different CSOs. UNDP has also supported the development of plans for combined Adolescent Girls and Young Women and Key Populations programmes as well as strategic capacities for CSOs working in Health and HIV.
1. Plan the assessment
2. Confirm the scope of capacities to be assessed.
3. Review existing documentary evidence.
4. Conduct the assessment.
5. Verify the assessment.
6. Draft an assessment report if required.
The following points should be considered when scoping and designing the process.
Consider an alternative term for ‘assessment’.
Using the term ‘need’ instead of ‘gap’ or ‘weakness’.
Focus on capacity strengths as well as weaknesses.
Carrying out a facilitated assessment or a self-assessment.
Rapid or In-depth assessment?
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